Dancer Josephine Baker to be first black woman honoured with burial in France’s Pantheon
Paris: The remains of American-born singer and dancer Josephine Baker will be reinterred at the Pantheon monument in Paris, making the entertainer who is a World War II hero in France the first black woman to get the country’s highest honour.
Le Parisien newspaper reported on Sunday that French President Emmanuel Macron decided to organise a ceremony on November 30 at the Paris monument, which houses the remains of scientist Marie Curie, French philosopher Voltaire, writer Victor Hugo and other French luminaries.
Josephine Baker poses in her dressing room at the Strand Theater in New York City in 1961.Credit:AP
The presidential palace confirmed the newspaper’s report.
After her death in 1975, Baker was buried in Monaco, dressed in a French military uniform with the medals she received for her role as part of the French Resistance during the war.
Baker will be the fifth woman to be honoured with a Pantheon burial and will also be the first entertainer honoured.
Holocaust survivor Simone Veil, one of France’s most revered politicians, was buried at the Pantheon in 2018. The other women are two who fought with the French Resistance during World War II — Germaine Tillion and Genevieve de Gaulle-Anthonioz — and Nobel Prize-winning chemist Curie.
The Pantheon in Paris. Credit:AP
The monument also holds the remains of 72 men.
Born in St Louis, Missouri, Baker became a megastar in the 1930s, especially in France, where she moved in 1925 as she was seeking to flee racism and segregation in the United States.
Baker quickly became famous for her “banana skirt” dance routines and wowed audiences at the Theatre des Champs-Elysees and later at the Folies Bergere in Paris.
She became a French citizen after her marriage to industrialist Jean Lion in 1937.
Josephine Baker doing the Charleston dance.
During World War II, she joined the French Resistance. Amid other missions, she collected information from German officials she met at parties and carried messages hidden in her underwear to England and other countries, using her star status to justify her travels.
A civil rights activist, she took part in 1963 in the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom alongside the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr., who made his “I Have A Dream” speech.
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